99.5% Dimethylpropanoic C5H10O2

Applications Relative to esters of most carboxylic acids, esters of pivalic acid are unusually resistant to hydrolysis. Some applications result from this thermal stability. Polymers derived from pivalate esters of vinyl alcohol are highly reflective lacquers. The pivaloyl (abbreviated piv or...

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Applications
Relative to esters of most carboxylic acids, esters of pivalic acid are unusually resistant to hydrolysis. Some applications result from this thermal stability. Polymers derived from pivalate esters of vinyl alcohol are highly reflective lacquers. The pivaloyl (abbreviated piv or pv) group is a protective group for alcohols in organic synthesis.
Pivalic acid is sometimes used as an internal chemical-shift standard for NMR of aqueous solutions. While DSS is more commonly used for this purpose, the minor peaks from protons on the three methylene bridges in DSS can be problematic. On a 1H NMR spectrum at 25°C and neutral pH, pivalic acid gives a singlet at 1.08 ppm.

Safety
Like most carboxylic acids pivalic acid is a mild irritant and only weakly toxic (oral LD50 = 900 mg/kg for rats).

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